Turbulence from seafloor topography may explain longstanding question about ocean circulation.
New estimate predates earliest fossil evidence by 800 million years.
Ubiquitous marine organism has co-evolved with other microbes, promoting more complex ecosystems.
Over the next century, southern Africa will see widespread decreases in maize production.
How models can help agriculture adapt to climate change uncertainties. The concern around climate change has scientists focusing their attention on regions around the world that are expected to be particularly hard hit.
Work by Prof. Daniel H. Rothman and the MIT Lorenz Center's Hansjörg Seybold show that a "big data" analysis of nearly 1 million river junctions in the contiguous United States shows that branching angles in dendritic drainages vary systematically between humid and arid regions.
A new perspective from climate researchers argues that there are three key questions that should frame future climate research.
New MIT-NASA research using models of Atlantic circulation finds that the ocean absorbs atmospheric gases more easily than heat energy, and the slowing circulation that results, reduces its ability to absorb both.
A new technique developed in the Cziczo Lab may be the most accurate way of identifying biological aerosols from mineral dust in the atmosphere, constraining their contribution to cloud formation and climate change.
The Program in Atmospheres, Oceans, and Climate oversees a broad program of research and education directed at understanding the Earth in all its aspects - physical, chemical and biological - and how Earth has evolved over time to its present state and its likely future trajectory.
We make use of observations, theory and models and also place our studies in the context of planetary systems. Many of the most important discoveries in our science, such as chaos, the chemistry of the ozone hole and the physics of hurricanes were made by PAOC scientists. Follow the links on the left to explore our research in the areas of atmospheres, oceans, and climate.